History[ edit ] The practice of imposing longer prison sentences on repeat offenders versus first-time offenders who commit the same crime is nothing new, as judges often take into consideration prior offenses when sentencing. However, there is a more recent history of mandatory prison sentences for repeat offenders. But such sentences were not compulsory in each case, and judges had much more discretion as to what term of incarceration should be imposed. The first true "three-strikes" law was passed inwhen Washington voters approved Initiative
As a result, these ideologies tend to be very similar: Almost everyone in the United States, for example, believes in limited government, the free market, and individual liberty.
Democrats just happen to lean slightly to the left and Republicans slightly to the right. Differences arise between these two groups because each party has a slightly different opinion on how best to achieve these goals.
American political ideologies, like all others, are not monolithic. Republicans frequently disagree with other Republicans, and Democrats frequently disagree with other Democrats. In the end, however, members of both parties share very similar core beliefs, unlike members of political parties in most other countries.
Political scientists sometimes organize the four major American political ideologies with respect to their preference for the size and influence of the political government.
Libertarians favor almost no government at all, whereas socialists, at the other end of the spectrum, favor a high degree of government intervention. At the center of the spectrum, American liberals and conservatives represent a balance of the two extremes.
Note that adherents to all four ideologies still favor representative democratic governments. American Liberalism American liberalism argues that the government needs to act to ensure equality among its citizens.
Historically, for example, liberal groups worked to promote civil rights for African Americans and other minorities. In current politics, many liberals are pushing for gay rights, affirmative action, open immigration, and similar policies.
American Liberal Beliefs Generally, liberals push for social, political, and economic equality, as well as expansive civil liberties.
Liberals generally want the government to help the poor and make sure that the rich do not have too much power.
Although they support capitalism, liberals do not want a completely free market; some government action is needed to ameliorate the worst aspects of the market. Therefore, liberals tend to favor: Graduated income taxes that tax the wealthier more than the poor Welfare programs to aid the poor Major government spending on education Job-retraining programs for unemployed workers Action to promote equal opportunity Expanded civil liberties The chart on the following page lists the different views held by liberals and conservatives on a variety of issues.
Of course, individual beliefs transcend general categories: Some conservatives are pro-choice, some liberals are anti—gun control, and some liberals and conservatives might not have strongly held views on any of those issues.To summarize briefly, the reform of California Three Strikes law provided that -- in most cases -- there was no longer a mandatory years-to-life sentence for "strikers" unless the third strike was a "serious" or "violent" felony.
5 An overwhelming majority of California voters voted for this law clearly showing that the public had Author: Carli Acevedo.
The United States follows a _____ law legal system. common ________ law is the body of law governing legally enforceable agreements between parties to engage in economic exchange.
We inhabit a political world. We may choose to study politics or not or, having studied politics, decide that we will do so no more, butwe cannot opt out of the political vetconnexx.comcs is as inevitable an aspect of the political world we live in as weather is a part of our natural environment.
POLITICAL PROCESS AND CRIME If politics is the authoritative allocation of values, then crime and politics are inextricably linked.
Substantive criminal laws . Further, the public appears willing to make exceptions to three-strikes laws.
Taken together, these findings suggest that citizens would endorse three-strikes policies that focus on only the most serious offenders and that allow for flexible application. group) most targeted by the “Three Strikes” law would show greater decreases in crime relative to age groups less affected by the law.
To test these theories, CJCJ examined law enforcement-reported crime and arrest statistics.