The essay In modern literatures, the category of nonfictional prose that probably ranks as the most important both in the quantity and in the quality of its practitioners is the essay. Modern origins Before the word itself was coined in the 16th century by Montaigne and Bacon, what came to be called an essay was called a treatiseand its attempt to treat a serious theme with consistency deprived it of the seductive charm relished in the later examples of that form of literature.
The lesson of this second myth is the exact obverse of the Oedipus: And today's much-decried "decline of Oedipus" of the paternal symbolic authority is precisely the return of figures which function according to the logic of the "primordial father" from "totalitarian" political leaders to the paternal sexual harasser.
When the "pacifying" symbolic authority is suspended, the only way to avoid the debilitating deadlock of desire, its inherent impossibility, is to locate the cause of its inaccessibility into a despotic figure which stands for the primordial jouisseur: If we effectively killed the father, why is the outcome not the longed-for incestuous union?
Therein resides the dialectic of "You can only prove that you love me by betraying me": This problematique also opens up the vaguaries of ignorance not the subject's, but the big Other's: What the faithful follower should conceal from the paternal figure of the leader is precisely this gap between the leader in the immediacy of his personality and the symbolic place he occupies, a gap on account of which the father qua effective person is utterly impotent and ridiculous King Lear, confronted violently with this betrayal and the ensuing unmasking of his impotence, and deprived of his symbolic title, is reduced to an old, raging, impotent fool.
The heretical legend according to which Christ himself ordered Judas to betray him or at least let him know his wish between the lines It is not enough to have the murdered father return as the agency of symbolic prohibition: Only after this second reversal of the Oedipal matrix do we reach the well-known Pascalean distinction between the God of Philosophers God qua the universal structure of logos, identified with rational structure of the universe and the God of Theologists the God of love and hatred, the inscrutable "dark God" of capricious "irrational" predestination.
The crucial point is that, in contrast to the primordial father endowed by a knowledge about jouissance, this uncompromising God is that He says "No! This God is the proto-existentialist God whose existence to apply anachronistically Sartre's definition of man does not simply coincide with his essence as with the Medieval God of St.
Aquinasbut precedes it. This, of course, is another way of saying that, through this uttering of the Voice which manifests his Will, God subjectivizes Himself.
The old Egyptian Moses, betrayed and killed by his people, was the all-inclusive One of logos, the rational substantial structure of the universe, the "writing" accessible to those who know how to read the "great book of Nature," not yet the all-exclusive One of subjectivity who imposes his unconditional Will on His creation.
This God of groundless Willing and ferocious "irrational" rage is the God who, by means of his Prohibition, destroys the old sexualized Wisdom, thus opening up the space for the de-sexualized, "abstract" knowledge of modern science.
Pre-modern Aristotelian and Medieval knowledge was not yet "objective," rational, scientific precisely because it lacked this excessive element of God qua the subjectivity of pure "irrational" Willing: A further paradox is that this "irrational" God, as the prohibitory paternal figure, also opens up the space for the entire development of modernity, up to the deconstructionist notion that our sexual identity is a contingent socio-symbolic formation: One can see, now, why, at the level of individual libidinal economy, Lacan calls this prohibiting God the "real father" as the "agent of castration": So when one speaks today of the decline of paternal authority, it is THIS father, the father of the uncompromising "No!
This is what the so-called New Age "holistic" attitude ultimately is about, this renewal of the harmony between Reason and Life substance Earth or macrocosm itself as a living entity at the expense of the prohibitory "real father" 5.
The big Other is somewhat the same as God according to Lacan God is not dead today He was dead from the very beginning, except He didn't know it In this sense, the only subject for whom the big Other does exist is the psychotic, the one who attributes to words direct material efficiency.
In short, the "inexistence of the big Other" is strictly correlative to the notion of belief, of symbolic trust, of credence, of taking what other's say "at their word's value.
We all know the old, worn-out joke about a madman who thought he was a grain of corn; after being finally cured and sent home, he immediately returned to the mental institution, explaining to the doctor his panic:Personality experts think Einstein was an INTP, too! It looks like I’m in good company.
The Driver is Perspectives.
Perspectives is the process that helps INTJ’s watch their own minds form patterns, get inside the minds of others and allows them to see implications far into the future. Carl Gustav Jung (/ j ʊ ŋ /; German: ; 26 July – 6 June ) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology..
Jung’s work was influential in the fields of psychiatry, anthropology, archaeology, literature, philosophy, and religious vetconnexx.com worked as a research scientist at the famous Burghölzli hospital, under Eugen Bleuler.
Albert Camus (—) Albert Camus was a French-Algerian journalist, playwright, novelist, philosophical essayist, and Nobel laureate.
Though he was neither by advanced training nor profession a philosopher, he nevertheless made important, forceful contributions to a wide range of issues in moral philosophy in his novels, reviews, articles, essays, and speeches—from terrorism and.
Romanticism in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein - Mary Shelley, with her brilliant tale of mankind's obsession with two opposing forces: creation and science, continues to draw readers with Frankenstein's many meanings and effect on society.
Duality essays The theory of duality of personality is exhibited clearly in Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment by the character Raskolnikov: Svidrigailov represents the cold, intellectual side of his personality and Sonia is a clear example of his humane, compassionate side.