Joseph Addison was born on May 1,the son of the rector of Milston, Wiltshire. Addison used poetry to further his political ambitions; his earliest poems include flattering references to influential men. In Addison was rewarded with a grant of money which allowed him to make the grand tour, a series of visits to the main European capitals, which was a standard part of the education of the 18th-century gentleman. One record of his travels is his long poem Letter from Italy.
His writing skill led to his holding important posts in government while the Whigs were in power. Early life Addison was the eldest son of the Reverend Lancelot Addison, later archdeacon of Coventry and dean of Lichfield.
Here began his lifelong friendship with Richard Steelewho later became his literary collaborator. Through distinction in Latin verse he won election as Demy scholar to Magdalen College in and took the degree of M. He was a fellow from to At Magdalen he spent 10 years as tutor in preparation for a career as a scholar and man of letters.
In A Poem to his Majesty William IIIwith a dedication to Lord Keeper Somersthe influential Whig statesman, brought favourable notice not only from Somers but also Charles Montague later earl of Halifaxwho saw in Addison a writer whose services were of potential use to the crown.
A treasury grant offered him opportunity for travel and preparation for government service. The European tour — enabled Addison not only to become acquainted with English diplomats abroad but also to meet contemporary European men of letters.
After time in France, he spent the year in leisurely travel in Italy, during which he wrote the prose Remarks on Several Parts of Italy ; rev. He then toured through Austria, the German states, and the Netherlands before returning to England in Addison was meanwhile appointed commissioner of appeals in excise, a sinecure left vacant by the death of John Locke.
The Campaign, addressed to Marlboroughwas published on December 14 though dated The Whig success in the election of Maywhich saw the return of Somers and Halifax to the Privy Councilbrought Addison increased financial security in an appointment as undersecretary to the secretary of state, a busy and lucrative post.
At this time he began to see much of Steele, helping him write the play The Tender Husband In practical ways Addison also assisted Steele with substantial loans and the appointment as editor of the official London Gazette.
In Addison was elected to Parliament for Lostwithiel in Cornwall, and later in the same year he was made secretary to the earl of Wharton, the new lord lieutenant of Ireland.
He served as Irish secretary until August The first number of The Tatler appeared on April 12,while Addison was still in England; but while still in Ireland he began contributing to the new periodical. Back in London in Septemberhe supplied most of the essays during the winter of —10 before returning to Ireland in May.
Joseph Addison, engraving, early 19th century. Although Addison easily retained his seat in the Commons, his old and powerful patrons were again out of favour, and, for the first time since his appointment as undersecretary inAddison found himself without employment.
Addison continued contributing to the final numbers of The Tatler, which Steele finally brought to a close on January 2, By the end of Steele had enough material for a collected edition of The Tatler.
Thereupon, he and Addison decided to make a fresh start with a new periodical. One feature of The Spectator that deserves particular mention is its critical essays, in which Addison sought to elevate public taste.Francis Bacon Mark Twain Joseph Addison 1.
Log in Join now 1. Log in Join now High School.
History. 5 points Which of the following men is credited as the first English essayist? Francis Bacon Mark Twain Joseph Addison Richard Steele Ask for details ; Follow Report by Which best explains why English settlers first established colonies in 5/5(5).
Summary. Joseph Addison (1 May – 17 June ) was an English essayist, poet, playwright and politician. He was a man of letters, eldest son of Lancelot Addison.
English essayist, poet and statesman; with Richard Steele produced the non-political Spectator. Document Signed, one page, quarto, Whitehall, January 29, / Addison, signing on the verso of an account of Henry Worsley’s extraordinary expenses on behalf of the King, makes a two-line statement authorizing payment.
Joseph. –, English essayist and poet who, with Richard Steele, founded The Spectator (–14) and contributed most of its essays, including the de Coverley Papers Collins English Dictionary.
Joseph Addison was an English essayist, poet, and dramatist. He was also a politician. In writings of Joseph Addison we find the pleasant reflection of English society of his period. Joseph Addison (1 May – 17 June ) was an English essayist, poet, playwright and politician.
He was a man of letters, eldest son of Lancelot Addison.
His name is usually remembered alongside that of his long-standing friend, Richard Steele, with whom he founded The Spectator magazine.