North west frontier province and national peace

They intercepted a police scouting party, killing a constable, wounding another, and captured a third. Surrounded and outnumbered, garrison commander Francis Dickens capitulated and agreed to negotiate with the attackers. Big Bear released the remaining police officers but kept the townspeople as hostages and destroyed the fort.

North west frontier province and national peace

North Brabant - Wikipedia Many fine monumental buildings, old restaurantsand centres of traditional Chinese arts and crafts remain, and the central government has taken measures to prevent the city core from being further industrialized. Broad new boulevards, replete with even newer commercial ventures, have displaced the colourful stalls and markets for which the city was once famous, but the neighbourhood life of old Beijing can still be glimpsed in the narrow hutongs residential alleyswith their tiny potted-plant gardens, enclosed courtyards, and decreasingly coal -burning stoves —some of which are still guarded by carved stone lions at their gates.
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While Peshawar was the site of a small mutiny against British during the Indian Rebellion oflocal Pashtun tribes throughout the region generally remained neutral and supportive of the British as they detested the Sikhs, [22] in contrast to other parts of British India which rose up in revolt against the British.

However, British control of parts of the region was routinely challenged by Wazir tribesmen in Waziristan and other Pashtun tribes, who resisted any foreign occupation until Pakistan was created.

By the late 19th century, the official boundaries of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa region still had not been defined as the region was still claimed by the Kingdom of Afghanistan.

As the British war effort during World War One demanded the reallocation of resources from British India to the European war fronts, some tribesmen from Afghanistan crossed the Durand Line in to attack British posts in an attempt to gain territory and weaken the legitimacy of the border.

The Wazirs and other tribes, taking advantage of instability on the frontier, continued to resist British occupation until — even North west frontier province and national peace Afghanistan had signed a peace treaty with the British.

British campaigns to subdue tribesmen along the Durand Line, as well as three Anglo-Afghan wars, made travel between Afghanistan and the densely populated heartlands of Khyber Pakhtunkwa increasingly difficult. The two regions were largely isolated from one another from the start of the Second Anglo-Afghan War in until the start of World War Two in when conflict along the Afghan frontier largely dissipated.

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Concurrently, the British continued their large public works projects in the region, and extended the Great Indian Peninsula Railway into the region, which connected the modern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa region to the plains of India to the east.

The secular Pashtun leadership was also of the view that if joining India was not an option then they should espouse the cause of an independent ethnic Pashtun state rather than Pakistan.

The directives of the ulama in the province began to take on communal tones. Accusations of molesting Muslim women were levelled at Hindu shopkeepers in Nowsheraa town where anti-Hindu sermons were delivered by maulvis. Tensions also rose in over the abduction of a Hindu girl in Bannu.

The ruling was based on the fact that the girl was a minor and was asked to make her decision of conversion and marriage after she reaches the age of majority, till then she was asked to live with a third party. The enraged tribesmen mustered two large lashkars 10, strong and battled the Bannu Brigadewith heavy casualties on both sides.

Widespread lawlessness erupted as tribesmen blocked roads, overran outposts and ambushed convoys. The British retaliated by sending two columns converging in the Khaisora river valley.

North west frontier province and national peace

They suppressed the agitation by imposing fines and by destroying the houses of the ringleaders, including that of Haji Mirzali Khan Faqir of Ipi. However, the pyrrhic nature of the victory and the subsequent withdrawal of the troops was credited by the Wazirs to be a manifestation of the power of Mirzali Khan.

He succeeded in inducing a semblance of tribal unity, as the British noticed with dismay, among various sections of Tori Khel Wazirs, the Mahsud and the Bettani. He cemented his position as religious leader by declaring a Jihad against the British.

This move also helped rally support from Pashtun tribesman across the border. Bannu Resolution In JuneMirzali Khan Faqir of IpiBacha Khanand other Khudai Khidmatgars declared the Bannu Resolutiondemanding that the Pashtuns be given a choice to have an independent state of Pashtunistan composing all Pashtun majority territories of British India, instead of being made to join the new state of Pakistan.

However, the British Raj refused to comply with the demand of this resolution. According to the official results, there wereregistered voters, out of which However, his popularity among the people of Waziristan declined over the years.

He died a natural death in in GurwekWaziristan. By Pashtun nationalists were advocating for a united India, and no prominent voices advocated for a union with Afghanistan. After the creation of Pakistan[ edit ].Beijing: Beijing, city, province-level shi (municipality), and capital of the People’s Republic of China.

Few cities in the world have served for so long as the political headquarters and cultural centre of an area as immense as China.

The city has been an integral part of China’s history over the past.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa - Wikipedia

It was previously known as the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) until , Awami National Party demanded that the province name be changed to "Pakhtunkhwa".

continued to resist British occupation until – even after Afghanistan had signed a peace treaty with the British. Frontier Energy is the world's first publication, eNewsletter and website to focus on the oil & gas and shipping operations in the Arctic and other environmentally challenging and harsh, ice-affected regions.

Relief. The centre of the conterminous United States is a great sprawling interior lowland, reaching from the ancient shield of central Canada on the north to the Gulf of Mexico on the south.

To east and west this lowland rises, first gradually and then abruptly, to mountain ranges that .

Character of the city

The Airbus A was flying from Paris to Cairo on May 19, when it crashed into the southeastern Mediterranean, killing 66 people, including 40 Egyptians and 15 French citizens. Pakistan’s nuclear program goes back to the s, during the early days of its rivalry with India.

President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto famously said in , “If India builds the bomb, we will eat.

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