I see the human person as much more inherently directed to and inclined towards his metaphysical, or spiritual, nature than and departing from the grips of his animal nature. The id represents everything sensate in his person and in his world: While in this world, his ego forms out of his external and internal environment and his reactions towards them -- as behaviorists like Bandura hold -- but not all of the ego is artificial or reactionary.
Personality theory is rich in complexity and variety. The classical approaches to personality theory are: How does one use personality to come to understand a person?
Can personality theory be used to predict what a person will do? How do we come to even know what a personality is? Researchers have developed theories describing what contributes to the personality, yet many of the theorists disagree with each other. To discuss theories of personality, one must first consider what the words, personality and theory, mean.
A theory is generally a model created to describe, explain, understand, or predict and some say to control a phenomenon or concept of life. The concept of personality is abstract and refers to how the habits, thought processes, motivations, defense mechanisms, and emotional states are woven together to form a view of a person.
So, in a simplistic sense, theories of personality are models created to help describe, understand, predict, or control the habits, thought processes, motivations, coping mechanisms, and emotional states of a person.
Some personality theorists take an ideographic approach; meaning they attempt to delineate differences in people by trying to establish what is unique or different to a specific person. Other theorists take a nomothetic approach; meaning they try to identify commonalities in individuals and then measure how much or how little each person possesses of the common characteristics.
A change in approach will often add to the depth of knowledge regarding a theory - or it can work to refute the conclusions that have been drawn about that theory. The cycle of theory building necessitates the use of experimentation to create support for hypotheses.
Hence, specific types of therapies and research methods have been tied to the various theories. This is why many people will refer to theories of personality as the primary architectonic of all psychology topics.
The various approaches to studying the personality were lead by psychologists who are familiar names to students of psychology and counseling.
One of the best known of all personality theorists was Sigmund Freud. He and his followers believed the secrets to personality could only be unlocked by an awareness of consciousness brought about by psychoanalysis.
Gordon Allport developed the trait approach: He believed a personality is comprised of dispositions and behaviors that may be inborn, conveyed by society, or developed by circumstance. For Allport and his followers personality is based partly on who one is, partly on with whom one lives, and partly on which needs are being met.
Watson, theorized personality could best be described through rational, scientific observation of actual, observed behaviors. Albert Bandura started out as a behaviorist, but set the foundations for theories of social cognition when he noted that personality tends to be an interactive construct: The Psychoanalytic Sigmund Freud "Who I am is determined by the interaction of my id, ego, and superego.
Only through guided introspections will I be capable of really getting in touch with who I am.
He developed a well known structural model to describe how people mediate their internal conflicts arising from their desire for an object and their concomitant need to do the right thing. He explained how a healthy super ego works like a parent; balancing the needs of a person's drive to pursue events which give pleasure i.- Comparison of Theories on Personality Abstract This paper is a comparison of three different viewpoints on the subject of personality.
Carl Jung, B.F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers all had very different outlooks on what defined someone’s personality. PERSONALITY THEORY 2 Abstract Personality theory is a branch of psychology which examines personality as integral to the psychological processes of functioning and psychopathology.
There are different areas of personality theory, such as the roots of personality in the individual, and the role of personality in achieving happiness, productivity, etc%(34).
Related Essays: Carl Jung's Theory of Psychoanalysis on Personality View Paper . Jung Carl Jung: Theory & Critique Carl Jung, the Swiss psychiatrist who founded analytical psychology in the early 20th century, has had a lasting influence on the field.
Personality Analysis Shannon C. Chavez PSY/ March 5, Dr. Barry Brooks Personality Analysis This paper will include personality analysis between the learning theory and the humanistic and existential theories. The learning theory is referred to as the process by which all individuals learn and how they acquire a change or potential.
- This paper discusses the pharmaceutical theory of personality and provides answers to the tough twins and big four questions.
The paper also looks at limitations and strengths of the theory in addition to parallel research by the pharmaceutical industry on the professionals prescribing pharmaceuticals.
- The term personality is derived. Personality Theories in Psychology To the layperson, the term personality is a generic descriptor for an individual's traits. However, personality has a more specific meaning to psychologists.